Where access driveways or vehicle hard standing areas are planned in areas adjacent to trees, Arboricultural Officers will normally specify a ‘no dig’ construction to eliminate the damage associated with normal construction methods. With this method no removal of surface soils is allowed. Instead, a permeable structural sub-base is laid directly onto the existing ground level with permeable wearing course, such as grass reinforcement, low tack resin coated gravels or block paving, laid on top. ‘No dig’ construction may be accommodated with the use of perforated Treeguard in the sub-base layer. Treeguard reduces the overall depth of construction by introducing a cellular structure which dissipates downward loads by a horizontal transfer through the cell structure. This process in conjunction with the perforated cell wall also imports structural integrity to free draining aggregates which would otherwise be unacceptable in road construction. Therefore, a robust, shallow and free-draining sub-base is achieved, which allows vehicular access whilst allowing water and oxygen to permeate down to the tree roots.